Ambush predation is most effective when there is a high density of suitable prey near the hiding predator (.


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The reflex "acT" is an involuntary response to a stimulus, where the components I just mentioned interact.

Oct 24, 2013 · Footnote 18 However, when reflex physiologists in the mid-nineteenth century made the attempt to extend the spinal reflex to the brain—like the later generation of localizers they applied sensory-motor principles to higher functions—Hall's mechanistic model was widely perceived as too restricted.

The high resistance to anoxia allows in vitro investigation of the fully developed and adult spinal circuitry. . a.


The simplicity of this system makes ambush predation an attractive model for studying pattern recognition and motor reflexes ( Ewert et al. a. There are three main groups: motor, sensory, and autonomic.

. Apr 1, 2003 · the control of differ ent natural motor.



This article examines the importance of integrating locomotion and cognitive information for achieving dynamic locomotion from a viewpoint combining biology and ecological psychology. 3, 1:2.

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A fixed action pattern is a predictable series of actions triggered by a cue, sometimes called the key stimulus.

The controller is composed mainly of four main modules: (i) a sensory signal processing module; (ii) a reflex-based control module; (iii).

In our approach, CPGs have an alternative role, serving as predictors of motor actions, providing an internal model of the limbs movements.

. We present a mammalian neuromusculoskeletal model from external sensory information processing to muscle activation, which includes: 1) a visual-attention control. .

The snout reflex is present if tapping a tongue blade across the lips causes pursing of the lips. . . . NMS models use equations derived from physical laws and biology to help solve challenging real-world problems, from designing prosthetics that maximize running speed to developing exoskeletal devices that enable. The turtle is mechanically stable and natural sensory inputs can induce multiple complex motor behaviors, without the need for application of.


. The MNRI method promotes the understanding that the natural course of development of a child equipped by nature with a complex system of natural resources, reflexes, and instincts “acts’ through reflexes and primary motor patterns organizing neural connectivity between sensory and motor axons, and their interneurons in the CNS, and.

The model considers.

Dec 25, 2015 · Often, CPGs are the central mechanism responsible for direct motor generation, and reflexes had the function of regulating/modifying the CPG׳s activity.

Notation: The subscript “1” or “extensor”.


The high resistance to anoxia allows in vitro investigation of the fully developed and adult spinal circuitry.